Non intimidating mascots

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Wallowing in the water wasn't a matter of sauropod recreation so much as necessity, paleontologists thought, believing that the animals needed the water's buoyancy to support their massive bodies.But water not only provides buoyancy, it also exerts pressure, and so much pressure in fact would have been too much for a dinosaur thorax.A refurbishment project undertaken between 20 prettied them up, and they were then listed as buildings of architectural/historical interest. Yet Hawkins's "lizards" — like the reconstructions — have more of a mammalian pose, standing on four sturdy legs. Owen may have employed the same philosophy here that drove his thoughts on dinosaur articulation.Owen didn't accept evolution and preferred to show dinosaurs (the dominant life forms of the Mesozoic) resembling the dominant life forms of modern times. A believer in separate creations rather than "transmutation," Owen maintained that the reptiles of the Mesozoic had little to do with the awkward reptiles of his day.

In London, huge crowds turned out to see the skeleton that would be nicknamed Dippy, and cartoonists took advantage of the situation.

(As any eight-year-old can tell you, this Crystal Palace Park, London (photo by Michon Scott) Hawkins and Owen's reconstructions can still be seen Crystal Palace, easily accessible through London's public transportation system.

After more fossil finds led to a better understanding of dinosaur anatomy and locomotion, scientists and members of the public alike came to regard these statues with something less than admiration, and they fell into disrepair, staying shabby through the 20th century. Rudwick Another offering from the Owen-Hawkins team included this depiction of "giant lizards and pterosauria." Because the earliest dinosaur fossils were fragmentary and vaguely resembled modern lizards, 19th-century paleontologists initially thought of them as big lizards. In Owen's reconstruction, reproduced a decade later in Lyell's book, the amphibian's legs are tucked under its body, and its hind legs are so long that it's hard to imagine the animal walking very far before scraping all the skin off its knees.

A dinosaur dinner and relics from "one of the greatest humbugs, frauds and absurdities ever known" ( Several years after completing the Crystal Palace Park dinosaur sculptures, Benjamin Waterhouse Hawkins visually and verbally recounted 1853 New Year's Eve party, in a letter to Edward Trimmer of the Royal College of Surgeons. I had the pleasure of seeing around me many of the heads of science among whom in the head of the squadron was Professor Owen and the late Professor Ed Forbes with eighteen other friends we were all very jolly to meet the new year 1854." Crowding the brains and belly, the illustrious guests raise their glasses in a toast to the future.

Around the margins of this sketch, Hawkins wrote, "I send you herewith a graphic answer in a miniature sketch of the as he appeared with his brains in and his belly full on the 31 of Decr 1853 . This mid-19th-century plan for a geological museum entrance features Mesozoic fossils greeting the hypothetical visitor, including a plesiosaur whose skull is positioned to look into the visitor's eyes. Above the door, two skeletons are recognizable by their horned snouts, an error not corrected until later discoveries moved the "horn" to the dinosaur's foot. by Loxton and Prothero Several decades after Richard Owen and Benjamin Waterhouse Hawkins collaborated on their spectacularly wrong dinosaurs in London, exotic-animal dealer Hagenbeck oversaw the construction of a more realistic, life-size, cement that maybe, somewhere in the African interior, sauropods weren't entirely extinct.

One might wonder why dragging bellies wouldn't show up in fossil trackways but, in all fairness, the same question could be asked about dragging tails, which remained a standard part of dinosaur depictions throughout much of the 20th century.

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